Regex For Mac

Regular expressions are sets of characters used to define search patterns. You can combine simple groupings of these characters to create sophisticated rules to find values within strings of text. Numbers 10.1 includes two regular expression functions, REGEX and REGEX.EXTRACT, which you can combine with these functions to search, match, and replace data in your tables:

Given a string str, the task is to check whether the given string is valid MAC address or not by using Regular Expression. A valid MAC address must satisfy the following conditions. It must contain 12 hexadecimal digits. One way to represent them is to form six pairs of the characters separated with a hyphen (-) or colon(:).

  1. Regex for Mac OS X is a powerful regular expressions editor that dynamically highlight matches. Regex for Mac OS X Regular Expressions Testing Tool For Mac OS X. Download Trial Buy for $13.99. Fast, simple and to the point ★★★★★ “ This app is awesome and easy to use. It not only does its job well, but helps me learn.
  2. Regex for mac address match ethernet mac address. Gm copy hide matches. A media access control address is a unique identifier assigned to a network interface controller for use as a network address within a network. The expression is a 6 byte hexadecimal which is separated by colon (:) or a dash (-). Cheatsheet expr usage; view full cheatsheet.
  • FIND
  • SEARCH
  • SUBSTITUTE
  • TEXTAFTER
  • TEXTBEFORE
  • TEXTBETWEEN
  • COUNTMATCHES
  • AVERAGEIF
  • AVERAGEIFS
  • COUNTIF
  • COUNTIFS
  • IF
  • IFS
  • MINIFS
  • MAXIFS
  • SUMIF
  • SUMIFS
  • MATCH
  • XMATCH
  • LOOKUP
  • VLOOKUP
  • HLOOKUP
  • XLOOKUP

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I have been using RegEx a lot more recently. Mostly I have been doing Splunk searches, but I have also been writing a standard operating procedure here and there, and that tends to require defining custom fields or attributes in a way that it seems only RegEx can articulate.

Regex For Mac

As a result, I have had to create MAC and IP Address RegEx searches. I can’t tell you how frustrated I am with Cisco’s own internal inconcistencies with how they display MAC addresses. Most IOS devices use nnnn.nnnn.nnnn, but things like ISE use nn:nn:nn:nn:nn:nn. DOS / Windows Command prompt uses nn-nn-nn-nn-nn-nn, just to confuse things all the more.

Regex For Mac

By comparison, IP Addresses are pretty tame. It’s just 4 numbers, ranging from 0-255 separated by three dots. If you include CIDR notation, then you need a forward slash and a number from 0-32 at the end. There are no changes in notation in either location or character. IP Addresses aren’t sometimes separated by colons or hyphens. Easy Peasy.

Domain Names on the other hand… Those are, at first blush, deceptively simple, then more complex as you try and further restrict how literal you want your RegEx to be. DNS is a series of labels separated by periods. Each label can be 63 characters long, and there can be up to 127 labels in a DNS name. However, all of this is constrained by by a total character limit of 253. To further complicate things, DNS allows hyphens, but never for the first or last character of a label.

Regexbuddy Mac

Well, now that I have complained through my preamble, let us explore some of my solutions to these problems:

I have added ?: to the front of many of the groups here to make them “non-capturing”. This prevents RegEx from numbering each group that is surrounded in parenthesis. I then purposefully leave it off of the first group that defines the separator, the colon or the hyphen, so that I can use 1 later in the search. This helps ensure that if the colon was used first, RegEx continues to expect the colon as the separator, not a mix of any of either the colon, hyphen, or period.

Regex Mac Address

This RegEx will match on aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff, aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff, or aabb.ccdd.eeff, regardless of case, but not a mix, like aa-bb:cc.dd-ee:ff.

This RegEx checks for IPv4 address space with CIDR notation being optional. This will match 10.5.60.0, as well as 10.5.60.0/24. This RegEx also allows single zeros in the octets and the CIDR notation so you can still match on a default route that looks like 0.0.0.0, or 0.0.0.0/0. Because it allows single zeros in the octets, it is also good for matching inverse expressions typically needed on access-lists like 0.0.15.255.
DNS Labels can be no larger than 63 characters, and can be just 1 character in length. As stated earlier, there can be a total of 127 labels, with the entirety of the FQDN being no longer than 253 characters.

This RegEx allows for 1 to 127 labels that can be 2 to 63 characters in length. I figued no one runs into 1 character labels all that often, and requiring at least 2 characters makes it easy to enforce the LDH (Letters, Digits, Hyphens) rule of DNS (https://www.google.com/search?q=LDH+rule) where a label can have hyphens (even repeating ones –eye roll–), but must not start or end on one.

I also made the arbitrary decision to only allow letters in top-level domain names. This should cover the vast majority of TLDs, except for “Internationalized country code top-level domains“.

I know this breaks with convention but it covers 99.99% of the situations where you need to search for a domain, including the GTLDs. While I was able to maintain the 63 character limit per label, and the 127 label limit per FQDN, I was not able to verify that the RegEx is keeping to the 252 FQDN total character limit. If you have a RegEx way of dealing with that, I would love to hear from you!

Regex

Two invaluable RegEx sites that I use are:
https://www.rexegg.com/regex-quickstart.html#chars and
https://www.debuggex.com/

If you have found these RegExs to be useful, please comment and let me know. Additionally, I would really love to hear if you have better ways of dealing with these patterns. Of course, if you have a pattern you would like to share, please do so!